Educational evaluation is the process of evaluating knowledge, abilities, perspectives and beliefs. Assessment can focus on a learning community, a learner, an association, or a system. It touches upon a learner preparation and capacity, motivation and learning styles, learning outcomes in accomplishment and satisfaction in different instructional contexts.
Assessment is addressing topics of quantifiable criteria and benchmarks. The term evaluation is used to gauge student progress and also to help pupils learn. Assessment is divided into summative and formative classes of considering objectives for a goal.
Summative evaluation is performed towards the end of a project or a class. Formative evaluation is usually carried out through a course or a project. In an educational setting, formative evaluation may be a learner or a tutor, providing feedback on a work of a student, and can be used for scoring purposes.
Formative and summative assessment are known as evaluation of learning and assessment in a learning context. A kind of evaluation is assessment. As it targets accomplishment, performance is comparable to summative evaluation. Objective evaluation is well-suited to that increasingly popular computerized or online assessment format.
Some experts have argued that the distinction between objective and subjective evaluations is neither useful nor accurate because, in reality, there’s no such thing as objective assessment. Criterion referenced assessment, typically using a test referred to, as that a name implies, occurs when candidates are measured on the basis of defined criteria. The best known example of criterion referenced evaluation is a driving test, when student drivers are measured against a wide range of explicit criteria. Norm referenced assessment, typically uses a norm referenced test, it isn’t measured against defined criteria.
The IQ test is the best known example of norm referenced evaluation. Ipsative assessment is self-comparison in either the same domain with time, or comparative to other domains inside the same student. Formal evaluation usually implies a written document, like a test, quiz, or paper. Formal evaluation is given a numerical score or even a grade based on a student performance, whereas an informal appraisal doesn’t contribute to a student’s final grade.